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Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Purification, properties, and inhibition by polychlorinated biphenyl isomers


Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Purification, properties, and inhibition by polychlorinated biphenyl isomers



Journal of Biological Chemistry 258(7): 4285-4292



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 6403526

Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.37) which converts uroporphyrinogen I or III into coproporphyrinogen I or III, respectively, was purified about 5,500-fold from chicken erythrocytes. Purification was accomplished by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, ammonium sulfate fractionation, chromatography on Sephadex G-100, and chromatofocusing. The most purified preparation was homogeneous on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and had a specific activity of 1,420 units/mg of protein, the highest value so far reported. The molecular weight, as determined by Sephadex G-150 gel chromatography, is 79,000. The subunit molecular weight, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, is 39,700, suggesting that uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase is dimeric in form. The purified enzyme had an isoelectric point of 6.2 and a pH optimum of 6.8. The SH reagents inhibited the enzyme activity, but neither metal ions nor cofactor requirements could be demonstrated. A new and simple method for the separation of free uroporphyrin, hepta-, hexa-, and pentacarboxylic porphyrins and coproporphyrin was developed using a high pressure liquid chromatograph equipped with a spectrofluorometric detector. Kinetic studies of the sequential decarboxylation of uroporphyrinogen with purified enzyme were performed. 3,4,3',4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl and 3,4,5,3',4'5'-hexachlorobiphenyl which specifically induce delta-aminolevulinic acid synthetase also strongly inhibit uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase directly at two steps, i.e. first in the formation of hexacarboxylic porphyrinogen III from heptacarboxylic porphyrinogen III and second in the formation of heptacarboxylic porphyrinogen III from uroporphyrinogen III.

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Accession: 018200128

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