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Voltage dependence and barium sensitivity of colonic K secretion in renal failure


Voltage dependence and barium sensitivity of colonic K secretion in renal failure



American Journal of Physiology 256(3 Part 2): F490-F496



ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9513

PMID: 2923226

DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.1989.256.3.f490

Net colonic K secretion (JKnet) is increased in rats and humans with chronic renal failure (CRF). To study whether transepithelial potential difference (PD), active transport forces and/or luminal K conductance play a role in this adaptation, experiments were performed in the colon of control, K-adapted, and CRF rats. Under basal conditions the PD in vivo in CRF was greater than in controls and not different from K-adapted rats. JKnet was comparable in vivo in CRF and K-adapted rats and was greater than in controls. Amiloride (10 microM) reduced PD and JKnet in K-adapted and CRF rats to levels comparable to controls. Under in vitro short-circuited conditions serosal-to-mucosal K flux (JKs----m) in distal colon was significantly increased in K-adapted and CRF animals compared with control, whereas barium caused a significant reduction in JKs----m in all groups of animals. The barium-sensitive component of K secretion was greater, however, in the two experimental groups (-0.2 +/- 0.02 and -0.2 +/- 0.07 in K-adapted and CRF animals, respectively, vs. -0.08 +/- 0.02 microeq.h-1.cm-2 in controls, P less than 0.05). However, luminal barium failed to completely inhibit the increase in K secretion observed in the experimental groups. These data suggest that an increase in PD that results in a rise in luminal negativity, stimulation of active transport, and an increase in barium-sensitive K channels and barium-insensitive pathways in apical membrane of distal colon participate in the mechanism by which net K secretion is increased in the large intestine of subjects with CRF.

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