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Volume-dependent K+ and Cl- fluxes in rat thymocytes


Volume-dependent K+ and Cl- fluxes in rat thymocytes



Journal of Physiology 465: 387-401



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3751

PMID: 8229841

DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1993.sp019682

1. Hypotonic stress unmasked inward and outward K+ and Cl- movements in rat thymocytes. This KCl flux stimulation was reduced by DIOA (dihydroindenyl-oxy-alkanoic acid), but not by DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulphonate), quinidine, DPAC 144 (5-nitro-2-(2-phenylethyl-amino)-benzoic acid), bumetanide or ouabain. 2. In isotonic media (308 +/- 5 mosmol kg-1), the cells exhibited the following DIOA-sensitive fluxes: (i) a K+ efflux of 42.7 +/- 17.1 mmol (l cells.h)-1 (mean +/- S.D., n = 7), (ii) a Cl- efflux of 68 +/- 21 mmol (l cells.h)-1 (n = 3), (iii) a Rb+ influx of 9.7 +/- 3.9 mmol (l cells.h)-1 (n = 6) and (iv) a Cl- influx of 9.4 +/- 4.1 mmol (l cells.h)-1 (n = 6). 3. Hypotonic shock (183-200 mosmol kg-1) induced a sevenfold stimulation of DIOA-sensitive K+ and Cl- effluxes and a twofold stimulation of DIOA-sensitive Rb+ and Cl- influxes (with a Rb+ to Cl- stoichiometry of 1.04 +/- 0.31; mean +/- S.D., n = 6). 4. The DIOA-sensitive membrane carrier catalysed net outward KCl extrusion (the outward/inward flux ratio was 5-7 in isotonic media and 20 in hypotonic media at 189 mosmol kg-1). Inhibition of DIOA-sensitive 36Cl- efflux by cell K+ depletion suggested coupling of outward K+ and Cl- fluxes. Conversely, inward K+ and Cl- fluxes were found to be uncoupled in NO3- media and in K(+)-free media. 5. The results clearly show that rat thymocyte membranes possess a 1:1 K(+)-Cl- co-transport system which is strongly activated by hypotonic shock and catalyses net KCl extrusion.

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Accession: 018206848

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