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How does one cope with the predictable degradation of water in countries undergoing desertification?



How does one cope with the predictable degradation of water in countries undergoing desertification?



Technical Documents in Hydrology = Documents Techniques en Hydrologie 18(Pages 363-366



Scarcity of water resources in the Middle East represents an extremely important factor in the stability of the region and an integral element in its economical development and prosperity. The region is currently experiencing a relative degree of stability. More recent events of turbulence have highlighted further concern over future water quotas and its alarming implications upon their national security and strategies. Current difficulties stem from disagreement over surface water and groundwater rights and quotas. This problem has originated, in part, as a result of over ambitious development programs exercised by different states in the region to attain self-sufficiency in agricultural products. Most of these undertakings have failed to recognize its implications upon existing water resources (depletion, deterioration and its adverse environmental implications on land use). These heist programs, accentuated by population explosion, and have driven this valuable commodity to the brink of exhaustion. Predicted future water demands suggest more serious and grave situation where shortages might exceed 80 BCM in the year 2025. Despite the existing difficulties it is believed that certain measures can help in solving the problem. Such measures include prudent water resources management of shared basin, use of non-conventional water resourses, adopting new irrigation techniques and establishing an institute responsible for transfer of new 9.

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