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The origin of basic rocks of the Korosten AMCG complex, Ukrainian Shield; implication of Nd and Sr isotope data

The origin of basic rocks of the Korosten AMCG complex, Ukrainian Shield; implication of Nd and Sr isotope data

Lithos 90(3-4): 214-222

The Korosten complex is a Paleoproterozoic gabbro-anorthosite-rapakivi granite intrusion which was emplaced over a protracted time interval - 1800-1737 Ma. The complex occupies an area of about 12000 km (super 2) in the north-western region of the Ukrainian shield. About 18% of this area is occupied by various mafic rocks (gabbro, leucogabbro, anorthosite) that comprise five rock suites: early anorthositic A (sub 1) (1800-1780 Ma), main anorthositic A (sub 2) (1760 Ma), early gabbroic G (sub 3) (between 1760 and 1758 Ma), late gabbroic G (sub 4) (1758 Ma), and a suite of dykes D (sub 5) (before 1737 Ma). In order to examine the relationships between the various intrusions and to assess possible magmatic sources, Nd and Sr isotopic composition in mafic whole-rock samples were measured. New Sr and Nd isotope measurements combined with literature data for the mafic rocks of the Korosten complex are consistent and enable construction of Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isochronous regressions that yield the following ages: 1870 + or - 310 Ma (Rb-Sr) and 1721 + or - 90 Ma (Sm-Nd). These ages are in agreement with those obtained by the U-Pb method on zircons and indicate that both Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd systems have remained closed since the time of crystallisation. In detail, however, measurable differences in isotopic composition of the Korosten mafic rock depending on their suite affiliation were revealed. The oldest, A (sub 1) rocks have lower Sr ( (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr (sub (1760)) = 0.70233-0.70288) and higher Nd (epsilon Nd (sub (1760)) = 1.6-0.9) isotopic composition. The most widespread A (sub 2) anorthosite and leucogabbro display higher Sr and lower Nd isotopic composition: (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr (sub (1760)) = 0.70362, epsilon Nd (sub (1760)) varies from 0.2 to -0.7. The G (sub 3) gabbro-norite has slightly lower epsilon Nd (sub (1760)) varying from -0.7 to -0.9. Finally, G (sub 4) gabbroic rocks show relatively high initial (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr (0.70334-0.70336) and the lowest Nd isotopic composition (epsilon Nd (sub (1760)) varies from -0.8 to -1.4) of any of the mafic rocks of the Korosten complex studied to date. On the basis of Sr and Nd isotopic composition we conclude that Korosten initial melts may have inherited their Nd and Sr isotopic characteristics from the lower crust created during the 2.05-1.95 Ga Osnitsk orogeny and 2.0 Ga continental flood basalt event. Indeed, epsilon Nd (sub (1760)) values in Osnitsk rocks vary from 0.0 to -1.9 and from 0.2 to 3.4 in flood basalts. We suggest that these rocks being drawn into the upper mantle might melt and give rise to the Korosten initial melts. (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr (sub (1760)) values also support this interpretation. We suggest that the Sr and Nd isotopic data currently available on mafic rocks of the Korosten complex are consistent with an origin of its primary melts by partial melting of lower crustal material due to downthrusting of the lower crust into upper mantle forced by Paleoproterozoic amalgamation of Sarmatia and Fennoscandia.

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Accession: 018476492

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DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2006.03.004

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