+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Earthquake ground motion estimation using strong-motion records; a review of equations for the estimation of peak ground acceleration and response spectral ordinates



Earthquake ground motion estimation using strong-motion records; a review of equations for the estimation of peak ground acceleration and response spectral ordinates



Earth-Science Reviews 61(1-2): 43-104



Engineering seismology is the link between earth sciences and engineering. The main input of engineering seismology in engineering design are loading conditions which must satisfy certain conditions regarding their level and frequency of occurrence during the lifetime of a structure. One method for estimating these loading conditions is through equations based on strong ground motion recorded during previous earthquakes. These equations have a handful of independent parameters, such as magnitude and source-to-site distance, and a dependent parameter, such as peak ground acceleration (PGA) or spectral acceleration, and the coefficients in the equation are usually found by regression analysis.This review examines such equations in terms of data selection, accelerogram processing techniques of the strong-motion records used to construct the equations, the characterisation of earthquake source, travel path and local site used and regression techniques employed to find the final equations.It is found that little agreement has been reached in the past 30 years of ground motion estimation relation studies. Workers have chosen their techniques based on the available data, which varies greatly with geographical region. Also it is noted that there is a need to include more independent parameters into ground motion estimation equations if the large uncertainties associated with such equations are to be significantly reduced. The data required to do this is, unfortunately, scarce.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 018791389

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/s0012-8252(02)00112-5


Related references

Equations for the Estimation of Strong Ground Motions from Shallow Crustal Earthquakes Using Data from Europe and the Middle East: Vertical Peak Ground Acceleration and Spectral Acceleration. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 3(1): 55-73, 2005

Equations for the Estimation of Strong Ground Motions from Shallow Crustal Earthquakes Using Data from Europe and the Middle East: Horizontal Peak Ground Acceleration and Spectral Acceleration. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 3(1): 1-53, 2005

The Estimation of Peak Ground-motion Parameters from Spectral Ordinates. Journal of Earthquake Engineering 11(1): 13-32, 2007

Site effect estimation on two Icelandic strong-motion arrays using a Bayesian hierarchical model for the spatial distribution of earthquake peak ground acceleration. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 120: 369-385, 2019

Peak ground motion and spectra for the Northridge earthquake from CSMIP strong motion records. Seismological Research Letters 66(2): 29, 1995

Attenuation relationship for estimation of peak ground horizontal acceleration using data from strong-motion arrays in India. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 88(4): 1063-1069, 1998

Peak ground motion and spectra for the Loma Prieta earthquake from CSMIP strong-motion records. Seismological Research Letters 61(1): 29-30, 1990

Estimation of acceleration characteristics of strong ground motion by synthesis of accelerogram obtained during a small earthquake. Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute = Tokyo Daigaku Jishin Kenkyusho Iho 57(3): 561-579, 1982

Neural network estimation of duration of strong ground motion using Japanese earthquake records. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 31(7): 866-872, 2011

NGA ground motion prediction equations for the vertical component of peak and spectral ground motion parameters. Seismological Research Letters 79(2): 340-341, 2008

Rapid estimation of earthquake source and ground-motion parameters for earthquake early warning using data from a single three-component broadband or strong-motion sensor. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 102.2, 2012

Rough estimation of site response using earthquake ground motion records. Pages 517-522 1998, 1998

A new attenuation relation for peak horizontal acceleration of strong earthquake ground motion in Japan; discussion and reply. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America: , Pages 521-523. 1992., 1992

Evaluation of ground-motion modeling techniques for use in global ShakeMap; a critique of instrumental ground-motion prediction equations, peak ground motion to macroseismic intensity conversions,; and macroseismic intensity predictions in different tectonic settings. U. S. Geological Survey: 114, 2009

Strong Ground Motion Estimation During the Kutch, India Earthquake. Pure and Applied Geophysics 163(1): 153-173, 2006