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Evidence for Late Cretaceous (late Turonian) climate cooling from oxygen-isotope variations and palaeobiogeographic changes in Western and Central Europe


Evidence for Late Cretaceous (late Turonian) climate cooling from oxygen-isotope variations and palaeobiogeographic changes in Western and Central Europe



Journal of the Geological Society of London 157, Part 4: 737-743



DOI: 10.1144/jgs.157.4.737

Trends of stable oxygen-isotope data through four European sections of Middle-Upper Turonian sediments show three phases of synchronous variations, each phase having a duration of about 250 ka. The isotopic variations are independent of local facies, sedimentary thickness and diagenetic history. Two positive delta (super 18) O shifts are associated with a southward spread of northern macrofaunas. This coincidence of geochemical and palaeontological data implies that the delta (super 18) O trends reflect a southward shift of cooler water masses. This southward extension of cooler waters was caused by changes in ocean circulation and was associated with a major regression in the early Late Turonian.

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