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Facies of late Pleistocene glacial-marine sediments on Whidbey Island, Washington; an isostatic glacial-marine sequence



Facies of late Pleistocene glacial-marine sediments on Whidbey Island, Washington; an isostatic glacial-marine sequence



Pages 535-570 1983



Detailed mapping of over 10 km of cliff exposure on Whidbey Island, Washington has resulted in the recognition of five major lithofacies within "Everson" age glacial-marine deposits (late-Pleistocene). These lithofacies were deposited in an isostatically depressed basin, comprise up to 25 m of exposed section, and occur in a predictable vertical succession. Proximity to both the ice margin and sources of meltwater input played a key role in facies distribution. Stratified and convoluted beds of muddy gravel and diamicton exhibit sedimentary characteristics indicative of sediment gravity flow processes and, in places, are interbedded with marine sediments. These lithologies comprise an ice marginal sediment flow facies.

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