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Fossil record of parasitism on marine invertebrates with special emphasis on the platyceratid-crinoid interaction


Fossil record of parasitism on marine invertebrates with special emphasis on the platyceratid-crinoid interaction



Paleontological Society Papers ober; 8: 209



DOI: 10.1017/s1089332600001091

The paleontological literature on marine invertebrates is rich in supposed examples of parasitism and our tabulation shows a nearly even distribution of reported cases through the post-Cambrian Phanerozoic. Slightly lower frequencies characterize the Triassic and Jurassic and higher frequencies the Cretaceous and Tertiary, and the pattern roughly mirrors Sepkoski's (1984) marine diversity curve. The total number of parasitic association for any geologic period rarely exceeds a dozen, yet few of the reported examples provide explicit criteria distinguishing parasitism from predation, commensalism, or mutualism. We evaluated the published examples using the followin, criteria: (1) evidence of a long-term relationship between two organisms, (2) benefit of interaction to suppose parasite, and (3) detriment of interaction to the host. We found that only in exceptional cases were these criteria fullfilled. One example that provides much information on parasitic interactions involves platyceratids and crinoid and we summarize the evidence for the parasitic interaction between these two groups of organisms.

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Accession: 018960206

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