Magnetostratigraphy-based astronomical tuning of the early Pliocene lacustrine sediments of Ptolemais (NW Greece) and bed-to-bed correlation with the marine record

van Vugt, N.; Steenbrink, J.; Langereis, C.G.; Hilgen, F.J.; Meulenkamp, J.E.

Earth and Planetary Science Letters 164(3-4): 535-551

1998


ISSN/ISBN: 0012-821X
DOI: 10.1016/s0012-821x(98)00236-2
Accession: 019360638

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Abstract
Continental deposits from the early Pliocene lacustrine Ptolemais basin in NW Greece display rhythmical alternations of lignite and marl beds. Three parallel sections from this area are studied using magnetostratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy. The presence of the greater part of the Gilbert Chron enables the recognition of astronomical periodicities in the succession. Especially the precessional influence is evident, as it determines the lithological cycles. The continental Ptolemais composite section is correlated to the most recent astronomical time scale--and thus to the marine reference section: the Rossello composite from Sicily [C. G. Langereis, F. J. Hilgen, The Rossello composite: a Mediterranean and global reference section for the Early to early Late Pliocene, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 104 (1991) 211-225]--on a bed-to-bed scale. It is concluded that lignite corresponds to an insolation minimum (beige layer in the Rossello composite), and marl to an insolation maximum (grey layer in the Rossello composite). This implies a precipitation increase during insolation maxima in early Pliocene continental Greece.