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Magnitudes of great shallow earthquakes from 1953 to 1977



Magnitudes of great shallow earthquakes from 1953 to 1977



Tectonophysics 62(3-4): 191-203



The surface-wavemagnitudes Ms are determined for 30 great shallow earthquakes that occurred during the period from 1953 to 1977. The determination is based on the amplitude and period data from all available station bulletins, and the same procedure as that employed in Gutenberg and Richter's “Seismicity of the Earth” is used. During this period, the Chilean earthquake of 1960 has the largest Ms, 8.5. The surface-wave magnitudes listed in “Earthquake Data Reports” are found to be higher than Ms on the average. By using the same method as that used by Gutenberg, the broad-band body-wave magnitudes mB are determined for great shallow shocks for the period from 1953 to 1974. mB is based on the amplitudes of P, PP and S waves which are measured on broadband instruments at periods of about 4–20 s. The 1-s body-wave magnitudes listed in “Bulletin of International Seismological Center” and “Earthquake Data Reports” are found to be much smaller than mB on the average. Through the examination of Gutenberg and Richter's original worksheets, the relation between mB and Msis revised to mB = 0.65 Ms+ 2.5 which well satisfies the mg and Msdata for Msbetween 5.2 and

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Accession: 019361677

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DOI: 10.1016/0040-1951(80)90192-4


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