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Main Western Carpathians rock lithologies used as the raw materials of the Stone Age

Main Western Carpathians rock lithologies used as the raw materials of the Stone Age

Slovak Geological Magazine 10(1-2): 5-16

Among raw material types used by the Stone Age human communities all three genetic rock types were identified: igneous, sedimentary as well as various metamorphic rock types. Their quantitative proportion changes from site to site. The great majority of the inorganic raw materials used during the whole Stone Age are of the local provenience. Significantly less frequent implements have been documented, raw materials of which is of distant or even very distant provenences. Several hundreds kms migration of raw materials, or more probably, of the ready made implements, is documented since the Late Paleolithic. For the prevailing part of the inorganic raw material types geographical location as well as geological position is well known. But there are described raw material types whose in situ equivalents (geological bodies) are not known on the territory of the country or even on neighbouring territories. In the Neolithic/Eneolithic, except of hard and competent raw material types, genetically different raw material-plastic clays-represent material of common use, for ceramic vessels manufacturing. Together with clays of various genetic types natural colors (namely products of ores weathering) have been used. On the very end of the Stone Age very seldom use of gold and copper is documented.

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