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Mass balance and kinematics of glaciers in Tien Shan; Tuyuksu Glacier as an example



Mass balance and kinematics of glaciers in Tien Shan; Tuyuksu Glacier as an example



Materialy Glyatsiologicheskikh Issledovaniy 98(Pages 194-200



Long-term regime observations of the Tuyuksu glacier have shown that in the second half of 20th century it had a negative mass balance during the most part of years. The kinematics accumulation area owing to deficiency of pure accumulation did not receive full indemnification of the ice carrying out to the ablation area. Therefore the surface of kinematics accumulation area lowered more than the surface of ablation area. Ice inflow to the glacier tongue (over a period of kinematics studies) averaged only half of ice mass lost owing to an ablation. The glacier has been receding for a lot of years and its length, area, and volume of ice have decreased. There are some forecast versions of further evolution of the Tuyuksu glacier: it will shrink in the 18th century; it will absolutely disappear in the 22nd or, according to latest version, towards the end of the 21st century. The most part of glaciers of Tien Shan expect the same fate in connection with predicted increase of heat inflow to their surface.

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Accession: 019379874

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