+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Stable hydrogen isotopes of bison bone collagen as a proxy for Holocene climate on the Northern Great Plains



Stable hydrogen isotopes of bison bone collagen as a proxy for Holocene climate on the Northern Great Plains



Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 239(1-2): 87-99



Isotopic analyses of fossil and archaeological bison remains can provide information about the biology of prehistoric bison and the ecological conditions in which they lived. Hydrogen isotope ratios ( (super 2) H/ (super 1) H, measured as delta D) of bison bone collagen should ultimately reflect, through bison diet, those average ratios of local precipitation, which vary systematically according to location and climate. To confirm this, delta D values were measured from bone collagen samples collected from geographically distinct populations of modern bison in North America. The delta D values of these groups differed in a manner consistent with that of the modern isotopic and climate gradients at each geographic location. Archaeological bison bone samples representing eight temporally distinct populations covering Early, Middle and Late prehistoric age sites from southern Saskatchewan were collected and analyzed. While the mean delta D value of each group was consistent with variations in hydrogen isotope composition observable from precipitation in the northern plains, significant differences were found between some of the sampled cohorts. These differences represent climate differences at each of the sampled time periods. The temporal climatic patterns revealed by the delta D values of prehistoric bison population bone collagen compares favourably with other models of southern Saskatchewan Holocene climate change as reconstructed using other proxy climate archives. The delta D values of bone collagen from prehistoric bison demonstrate a potential for use as a specific paleoclimate proxy which can be directly linked to the (super 14) C age and lifetime of the sampled animal.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 020085224

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2006.01.009


Related references

Holocene climate in the Northern Great Plains inferred from sediment stratigraphy, stable isotopes, carbonate geochemistry, diatoms, and pollen at Moon Lake, North Dakota. Quaternary Research (orlando). 48(3): 359-369,., 1997

Late Pleistocene and Holocene bison on the northern Great Plains. Program and Abstracts American Quaternary Association: rence. 5, Pages 97. 1978., 1978

Stable C isotopes in Bignell Loess and soils as a proxy indicator of environmental and climatic change on the central Great Plains. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 35(2): 54, 2003

Holocene paleohydrology and paleoecology of saline lakes in the northern Great Plains of the U.S.; a collaborative multi-proxy initiative. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 27(3): 48, 1995

"In Want of Nourishment for to Keep Them Alive": Climate Fluctuations, Bison Scarcity, and the Smallpox Epidemic of 1780-82 on the Northern Great Plains. Environmental History 17(2): 365-403, 2012

A multi-proxy limnologic record of rapid early-Holocene hydrologic change on the northern Great Plains, southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada. The Holocene: Pages 503-520. 1998., 1998

The stable carbon isotope composition of Holocene Paleosols as indicators of historical climate in the central Great Plains. 1991

Using stable isotopes to understand hydrochemical processes in and around a Prairie Pothole wetland in the Northern Great Plains, USA. Applied Geochemistry 26.Suppl., 2011

Holocene vegetation and climate change in the Northern Great Plains; evidence from pollen and charcoal studies. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 30(7): 250, 1998

The calibration of proxy records of lake salinity to instrumental climate records in the Northern Great Plains. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 27(3): 61, 1995

Stable isotopes and soil-geomorphology as indicators of Holocene climate change, northern Chihuahuan Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 43(4): 357-373, 1999

Stable hydrogen isotopes in bone collagen; paleoclimatic potential. Program with Abstracts Geological Association of Canada; Mineralogical Association of Canada; Canadian Geophysical Union, Joint Annual Meeting: A12. 1985., 1985

Late Quaternary paleoecology of the Texas southern high plains by using stable carbon isotopes in fossil bone collagen. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 16(6): 666, 1984

Stable hydrogen isotopes of bone collagen in palaeodietary and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(7): 1934-1942, 2008

Holocene environmental and climate change in the Northern Great Plains as recorded in the geochemistry of sediments in Pickerel Lake, South Dakota. Quaternary International 67: 5-20, 2000