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The late Pleistocene and Holocene glacial and climate history of the Antarctic Peninsula region as documented by the land and lake sediment records; a review

The late Pleistocene and Holocene glacial and climate history of the Antarctic Peninsula region as documented by the land and lake sediment records; a review

Antarctic Research Series 79(Pages 95-102

Geomorphological and stratigraphical glacial and climate history information from presently ice-free land areas in the Antarctic Peninsula region derive from glacially transported boulders, glacial striations, tills and moraine ridges, from raised beach-, littoral- and deeper marine sediments, and from lake sediments and moss-banks. These land data suggest that glaciation during the earlier part of the last (Wisconsinan/Weichselian) glacial cycle was more extensive than during the Last Global Glacial Maximum (LGM) around 18 ka BP. The earlier glaciation(s) was followed by an interstadial, probably during marine oxygen isotope stage (MIS) 3, and thereafter by the LGM glaciation. Deglaciation after LGM began with lowering of the ice surface on the southwestern Antarctic Peninsula around 14.5 ka BP, and with ice-front retreat prior to 14 ka BP on the continental shelf west of the peninsula. A mid-Holocene period of glacial readvances culminated shortly after 5 ka BP. It was closely followed by the Holocene climatic optimum 4.5-2.5 ka BP, roughly coinciding with the solar insolation maximum for these latitudes. (modif. j. abstr.).

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