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Demonstrating freedom from Gyrodactylus salaris (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) in farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss



Demonstrating freedom from Gyrodactylus salaris (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) in farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss



Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 79(1): 47-56



This paper describes an approach to demonstrate freedom of individual rainbow trout farms from Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. The infection status of individual farms is relevant should G. salaris be introduced into a country or zone previously known to be free of the parasite. Trade from farms where G. salaris may have been introduced would be restricted until freedom had been demonstrated. Cage, fish and parasite sample sizes were calculated based on the minimum detectable prevalence (P), test characteristics, population size, and Type I and 11 errors. Between 5 and 23 cages per farm would need to be sampled to demonstrate freedom at a cage level P* of 10%. The number of fish sampled per cage depended mainly on the test sensitivity (probability of correctly identifying an infected fish). Assuming a test sensitivity of 99% at the fish level, 59 fish per cage are needed (P* = 5 %). Since G. salaris may exist in mixed infection with G, derjavini, testing a sample of gyrodactylid parasites may not result in the parasite being detected when present. Test sensitivity at the fish level depends on the number of gyrodactylids on the fish, the proportion of which are G. salaris and the number examined. Assuming a P* of 5 % (i.e. G. salaris are at least 5 % of the gyrodactylid population), between 20 and 73 parasites per fish would need to be sampled (depending on abundance) to maintain the Type 1 error at 0.01 (thus a fish level test sensitivity of 99 %). This work identifies the critical information, and further research, needed to assess freedom from G, salaris with a known level of confidence; this is essential to provide a sound scientific basis for decision-making about disease control measures.

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Accession: 020818627

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PMID: 18429441


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