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Deterioration of chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta muscle during spawning migration. 14. Carotenoids in the serum lipoproteins of chum salmon associated with migration


Deterioration of chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta muscle during spawning migration. 14. Carotenoids in the serum lipoproteins of chum salmon associated with migration



Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 372: 148-156



Carotenoids-carrying lipoproteins were studied using the sera of upstream migrating and spent chum salmon. Density gradient ultracentrifugal analysis on the serum confirmed that the carotenoids were associated with lipoproteins. There were two types of lipoproteins; high density lipoprotein (HDL, d = 1.16 g/ml) and very high density lipoprotein (VHDL, d = 1.22 g/ml) fractions, with orange coloration in the upstream migrating female serum, while only a colored HDL (d = 1.16 g/ml) fraction was obtained from the others. The HDL fractions from the spent male was yellowish, although that from the others was orange. The orange coloration from HDL and VHDL fractions was derived from astaxanthin. Three carotenoids other than astaxanthin were clearly detected from the HDL fraction of spent male. The water soluble yellowish pigments, possibly bilirubin, were present in the spent male HDL fraction. These results suggested that carotenoid-carrying lipoprotein from the HDL fraction could transport bilirubin as well as carotenoids other than astaxanthin.

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