Effects of dietary cholesterol and fat, sex and sire on lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity in baboons

Mott, G.E.; Jackson, E.M.; Prihoda, T.J.; McMahan, C.A.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 919(2): 190-198


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002
PMID: 3580386
Accession: 020934690

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We analyzed the effects of dietary cholesterol, type of dietary fat, sex and sire progeny family on lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity in 80 adult baboons. The animals were the progeny of 80 dams and 6 sires and were randomly assigned at birth to breast feeding or to one of three formulas containing 0.02, 0.30 or 0.60 mg cholesterol/ml. After weaning at 4 months of age the animals were fed one of four diets that were either high or low in cholesterol with 40% of the calories from either saturated or unsaturated fat. The fractional and molar rates of lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity were measured at 7-8 years of age by an HPLC method. Infant diet (breast vs. formula feeding or level of cholesterol in formula) had no effect on enzyme activity later in life. The adult diets that were high in cholesterol decreased the fractional lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase rate by 20%/compared to diets low in cholesterol (7.89 vs. 9.84%/h, P < 0.002), but dietary cholesterol did not affect the molar activity. Animals fed the high cholesterol diets had higher unesterified cholesterol concentrations compared to those fed the low cholesterol diets (38.1 mg/dl vs. 31.6 mg/dl, P < 0.0001). The molar lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase rate was increased 13% by saturated compared to unsaturated fat (83.3 vs. 73.6 nmol/h per ml plasma, P < 0.07), but no effect of dietary fat was observed on the fractional enzyme activity. Females compared to males had significantly higher fractional (10.9 vs. 7.14%, P < 0.0001) and molar-lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activities (99.3 vs. 61.7 nmol/h per ml plasma, P < 0.0001). After adjustment for the effects of diet and sex we observed differences in the fractional activity (range, 7.2-10.8%/h, P < 0.04) and in the molar rate (range, 63.6-99.8 nmol/h per ml plasma, P < 0.07) among the six sire progeny groups.