Efficiencies of singlet oxygen production and rate constants for oxygen quenching in the S1 state of dicyanonaphthalenes and related compounds
Tanaka, F.; Tsumura, K.; Furuta, T.; Iwamoto, K.; Okamoto, M.
Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences Official Journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology 7(1): 56-62
ISSN/ISBN: 1474-905X PMID: 18167597 DOI: 10.1039/b711781g
The quantum yield of singlet oxygen ((1)O(2) ((1)Delta(g))) production (Phi(Delta)) in the oxygen quenching of photoexcited states for 1,2-dicyanonaphthalene (1,2-DCNN), 1,4-dicyanonaphthalene (1,4-DCNN) and 2,3-dicyanonaphthalene (2,3-DCNN) in cyclohexane, benzene, and acetonitrile was measured using a time-resolved thermal lens (TRTL) technique, in order to determine the efficiency of singlet oxygen ((1)Delta(g)) production in the first excited singlet state (S(1)), (f(Delta)(S)). The efficiencies of singlet oxygen ((1)Delta(g)) production from the lowest triplet state (T(1)), (f(Delta)(T)), were nearly unity for all DCNNs in all the solvents. The values of f(Delta)(S) were fairly large for 1,2-DCNN (0.33-0.57) and 1,4-DCNN (0.33-0.66), but were close to zero for 2,3-DCNN. Rate constants for oxygen quenching in the S(1) state (k(q)(S)) obtained for these compounds were significantly smaller than diffusion-controlled rate constants. The kinetics for processes leading to production and no production of singlet oxygen is discussed on the basis of the values of f(Delta)(S) and k(q)(S). The results obtained regarding phenanthrene (PH), 9-cyanophenanthrene (9-CNPH), pyrene (PY) and 1-cyanopyrene (1-CNPY) are also discussed.