Haplotype frequency distribution in Northeastern European Saduria entomon (Crustacea: Isopoda) populations. A phylogeographic approach

Jerzy Sell

International Review of Hydrobiology 88(6): 582-593


ISSN/ISBN: 1434-2944
DOI: 10.1002/iroh.200310635
Accession: 021119119

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The distribution pattern of mtDNA haplotypes in distinct populations of the glacial relict crustacean Saduria entomon was examined to assess phylogeographic relationships among them. Populations from the Baltic, the White Sea and the Barents Sea were screened for mtDNA variation using PCR-based RFLP analysis of a 1150 by fragment containing part of the CO I and CO II genes. Five mtDNA haplotypes were recorded. An analysis of geographical heterogeneity in haplotype frequency distributions revealed significant differences among populations. The isolated populations of S. entomon have diverged since the retreat of the last glaciation. The geographical pattern of variation is most likely the result of stochastic (founder effect, genetic drift) mechanisms and suggests that the haplotype differentiation observed is probably older than the isolation of the Baltic and Arctic seas.