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Incidence of chlorinated benzenes and chlorinated ethylenes in Lake Ontario herring gulls

Incidence of chlorinated benzenes and chlorinated ethylenes in Lake Ontario herring gulls

Chemosphere 113: 277-285

Great Lakes USA, Canada herring gulls (L. argentatus) and their eggs have been useful integrators on a lakewide basis of high MW, relatively involatile organochlorine pollutants such as PCB polychlorinated biphenyl . A search for relatively organochlorine compounds by gas chromatography mass spectrometry also revealed the presence of tri- and tetrachloroethylene and isomers of di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and hexachlorobenzene insecticide in the body lipid of adult herring gulls from Lake Ontario. Analysis of pooled eggs from colonies throughout the Great Lakes in 1978 showed that pentachlorobenzene and hexachlorobenzene were ubiquitous contaminants, at levels from 14-50 and 90-350 ng/kg, respectively. Hexachlorobenzene levels were 2-3 times higher in Lake Ontario than the other lakes; pentachlorobenzene was more evenly distributed geographically. Level of 1,2,3,4-tetra-, 1,2,4,5-tetra- and 1,2,4,-trichlorobenzene near the detection limit of 10-20 ng/kg were found in a few samples.

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Accession: 021182469

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DOI: 10.1016/0045-6535(82)90151-5

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