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Induction of nuclear translocation of constitutive androstane receptor by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha synthetic ligands in mouse liver



Induction of nuclear translocation of constitutive androstane receptor by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha synthetic ligands in mouse liver



Journal of Biological Chemistry 282(50): 36766-36776



Peroxisome proliferators activate nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha ( PPAR alpha) and enhance the transcription of several genes in liver. We report here that synthetic PPAR alpha ligands Wy-14,643, ciprofibrate, clofibrate, and others induce the nuclear translocation of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) in mouse liver cells in vivo. Adeno-viral-enhanced green fluorescent protein-CAR expression demonstrated that PPAR alpha synthetic ligands drive CAR into the hepatocyte nucleus in a PPAR alpha- and PPAR beta-independent manner. This translocation is dependent on the transcription coactivator PPAR-binding protein but independent of coactivators PRIP and SRC-1. PPAR alpha ligand-induced nuclear translocation of CAR is not associated with induction of Cyp2b10 mRNA in mouse liver. PPAR alpha ligands interfered with coactivator recruitment to the CAR ligand binding domain and reduced the constitutive transactivation of CAR. Both Wy-14,643 and ciprofibrate occupied the ligand binding pocket of CAR and adapted a binding mode similar to that of the CAR inverse agonist androstenol. These observations, therefore, provide information for the first time to indicate that PPAR alpha ligands not only serve as PPAR alpha agonists but possibly act as CAR antagonists.

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Accession: 021188818

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17962186

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m707183200


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