Laboratory growth of larval lampreys (Lampetra (Entosphenus) tridentata Richardson) at different food concentrations and animal densities

Mallatt, J.

Journal of Fish Biology 223: 293-301


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1112
DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1983.tb04753.x
Accession: 021254880

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Lampreys are important research animals. Some of the parameters important for culturing the suspension feeding larvae: food concentration, temperature and crowding were investigated. Large larvae (L. (E.) tridentata Richardson) were used, weighing from 1.5-3.0 g (wet). Two food types were employed: suspended yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 0-20 mg l-1 (dry), or in a few tests, a fine particulate fish food, Liquifry (Interpet LTD, 0-13 mg l-1). At both 14 and C, yeast could sustain weight increases comparable to those in nature: > 6% month-1 for up to 6 mo.; the duration of the study. In a single test, a vitamin supplement failed to improve growth on yeast. Growth was fastest at C (+ 41% month-1, maximum weight increase), although also substantial at C (+ 11% month-1, maximum). Growth could not be sustained at C, due perhaps to difficulty in removing products of food decay from the aquaria. Food level being constant, growth rate varied inversely with animal density. Larval lampreys may release a growth-inhibiting substance into the sand which they inhabit. The best growth was obtained at C, with < 0.05 g of animal (wet weight) l-1 aquarium water and average daily yeast concentrations between 4 and 13 mg l-1. Liquifry was associated with lowered growth rates when present continually above 4 mg (dry weight) l-1 ( C), although growth did occur at lower concentrations.