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Middle Atlantic Bight meridional wind component effect on bottom water temperatures and spawning distribution of Atlantic croaker

Middle Atlantic Bight meridional wind component effect on bottom water temperatures and spawning distribution of Atlantic croaker

Continental Shelf Research 81: 69-88

ISSN/ISBN: 0278-4343

DOI: 10.1016/0278-4343(88)90025-8

Predominantly southerly winds over the Middle Atlantic Bight result in offshore flow in surface waters and corresponding onshore flow in a bottom Ekman layer. Seasonal heating results in maximum surface temperatures in August while the bottom onshore Ekman flow results in cold summer bottom water temperatures. Bottom temperatures do not peak until autumn after the seasonal wind shift resulting in a cessation of the southerly winds and overturning of the surface waters. Strong episodes of this onshore bottom flow of cold water (upwelling) have been previously reported as unusually cold surf zone temperatures.

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Accession: 021347301

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