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On the species and varieties of Parnassius (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) established by E. Menetries in the book of J. Siemaschko 'Russkaya fauna'



On the species and varieties of Parnassius (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) established by E. Menetries in the book of J. Siemaschko 'Russkaya fauna'



Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 654: 769-779



The book of J. I. Siemaschko "Russkaya fauna" was published in 1849-1851 in 54 numbers ("tetrad"), containing text and plates to 6 parts (volumes) of the book. Publication of part 1 (man) and 2 (mammals) was finished, while parts 3 (birds), 4 (reptiles), 5 (fishes) and 6 (butterflies) remained unfinished. For the part 6 were published 4 pages of text, 4 plates and explanatory pages to first 3 plates only. The plate 4 published in the number 17 in March 1850 contains figures of new taxa established there anonymously by E. Menetries (Parnassius phoebus var. intermedia, P. phoebus var. sedakovii, P. nordmanni, P. eversmanni and P. vosnessenskii). Seven copies of the unfinished parts of the book are found in libraries of the USSR. Thus contrary to Hemming's (1934) statement the authorship Menetries in Siemaschko, 1850 should be accepted for all above listed taxa. For all new palaearctic species, varieties and forms of Parnassius established by Menetries lectotypes are designated, type-localities and identity discussed. The type-locality of P. phoebus F. is presumed to be Altai and as lectotype of P. ph. var. intermedius Men. is designated a specimen from Kamchatka, thus the above name becomes a junior synonym of P. ph. corybas F.-W. and P. ph. var. intermedius f. altaicus Men. becomes a junior synonym of P. ph. phoebus.

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