Resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock comparing standard hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) -201 versus 7.5% hypertonic HBOC-201
Rivera-Chavez, F.A.; Huerta, S.; Brown, R.; York, G.B.; Minei, J.P.
Journal of Trauma 63(5): 1113-1119
Hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) resuscitation has been associated with increased systemic and pulmonary vascular resistances (SVR, PVR), which may result in reduced blood flow and severe pulmonary hypertension. The physiologic and immunologic properties of 7.5% hypertonic saline solution (HTS), such as reduction of SVR and PVR, as well as inhibition of neutrophil and endothelial activation may be beneficial in reducing some of these undesirable effects of HBOCs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of the HBOC and HBOC-201 suspended in 7.5% hypertonic saline solution (HT-HBOC) when compared with standard HBOC resuscitation. Thirty-two domestic crossbred pigs (50-60 kg) were hemorrhaged to a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 35 mm Hg +/- 5 mm Hg for 45 minutes and resuscitated to a baseline mean arterial pressure using the following groups: (1) sham, no hemorrhage; (2) shed blood + lactated Ringer's solution; (3) standard HBOC-201; (4) hypertonic saline 7.5%; (5) hypertonic 7.5% HBOC-201. After resuscitation, observation was continued for 4 hours. Hemodynamic variables, oxygen consumption, and arterial blood gases were monitored continuously. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance. SVR (p = 0.001), PVR (p = 0.001), and MPAP (p = 0.01) were significantly reduced in the HT-HBOC group compared with the standard HBOC group. In this model of hemorrhagic shock, hypertonic HBOC-201- resuscitated pigs had significantly reduced SVR and PVR, as well as mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) and increased cardiac output. HT-HBOC may be beneficial in reducing the undesirable effects of standard HBOC-201. The mechanisms of these beneficial effects need to be investigated.