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Seasonal occurrence of the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) on coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Scolytidae : Coleoptera) on Pulney hills, Tamil Nadu



Seasonal occurrence of the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) on coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Scolytidae : Coleoptera) on Pulney hills, Tamil Nadu



Crop Research 34(1-3): 213-219



A study was conducted on Pulney hills, Tamil Nadu to assess the seasonal occurrence of white muscardine fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) on coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hanpei (Ferrari) during the year 2004-05. B. bassiana infects a wide range of insects world over, and is considered as promising biocontrol agent for the control of several crop pests. Coffee berry borer beetles were infected by B. bassiana, which had just infected before reaching the beans. The mean per cent seasonal infection of the fungus, B. bassiana was high between November and January, while it was minimum during March to June. Attempts made to establish the correlation between weather parameters and incidence of B. bassiana revealed a negative association with maximum temperature and rainfall at all the three locations viz., Thandigudi, Periyamalai and Pillaveli, while a positive relationship with minimum temperature with B. bassiana infection, respectively.

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