Structural and thermodynamic properties of rice starches with different genetic background Part 2. Defectiveness of different supramolecular structures in starch granules

Koroteeva, D.A.; Kiseleva, V.I.; Krivandin, A.V.; Shatalova, O.V.; Błaszczak, W.; Bertoft, E.; Piyachomkwan, K.; Yuryev, V.P.

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 41(5): 534-547


ISSN/ISBN: 0141-8130
PMID: 17719628
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2007.07.005
Accession: 021806653

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High-sensitivity differential scanning microcalorimetry (HSDSC), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), light (LM) and scanning electronic (SEM) microscopy techniques were used to study the defectiveness of different supramolecular structures in starches extracted from 11 Thai cultivars of rice differing in level of amylose and amylopectin defects in starch crystalline lamellae. Despite differences in chain-length distribution of amylopectin macromolecules and amylose level in starches, the invariance in the sizes of crystalline lamellae, amylopectin clusters and granules was established. The combined analysis of DSC, SAXS, LM and SEM data for native starches, as well as the comparison of the thermodynamic data for native and annealed starches, allowed to determine the structure of defects and the localization of amylose chains in crystalline and amorphous lamellae, defectiveness of lamellae, clusters and granules. It was shown that amylose "tie chains", amylose-lipid complexes located in crystalline lamellae, defective ends of double helical chains dangling from crystallites inside amorphous lamellae ("dangling" chains), as well as amylopectin chains with DP 6-12 and 25-36 could be considered as defects. Their accumulation can lead to a formation of remnant granules. The changes observed in the structure of amylopectin chains and amylose content in starches are reflected in the interconnected alterations of structural organization on the lamellar, cluster and granule levels.