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Taxonomy, facies relationships and palaeobiology of bakevellid bivalves from the Lower Cretaceous of west-central Argentina



Taxonomy, facies relationships and palaeobiology of bakevellid bivalves from the Lower Cretaceous of west-central Argentina



Cretaceous Research 24(6): 765-768



Cretaceous bakevelliids in Argentina are restricted to the Lower Cretaceous. They are recorded in shallow marine deposits in two Mesozoic basins located in the Andes foothills in Patagonia. In the Austral Basin (44[degree]-55[degree]S) there is only one genus, Gervillella, represented by a single specimen from the Barremian. In the Neuquen Basin (30[degree]-40[degree]S) two genera, Gervillaria and Gervillella, occur, ranging from the Berriasian to the Lower Barremian. In the Pilmatue Member of the Agrio Formation two species are identified: Gervillaria alatior (Imlay) and Gervillella aviculoides (J. Sowerby). The former is also recorded in Mexico while the latter is more widespread, occurring in Europe, Asia, and Africa. In the Bajada del Agrio section they come from eight tabular shell beds located near and on top of shallowing-upwards cycles. They were abundant only in four of these levels. These shell beds are interpreted as having been deposited in the mid-ramp (middle of cycles), and upper mid-ramp (top of cycles). A functional analysis of shells revealed two life habits: epibyssate and endobyssate.

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