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The GAF domain of the cGMP-binding, cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE5) is a sensor and a sink for cGMP



The GAF domain of the cGMP-binding, cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE5) is a sensor and a sink for cGMP



Biochemistry 47(11): 3534-3543



We describe here a novel sensor for cGMP based on the GAF domain of the cGMP-binding, cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET). The wild type GAFa domain, capable of binding cGMP with high affinity, and a mutant (GAFa F163A) unable to bind cGMP were cloned as fusions between GFP and Rluc for BRET (2) assays. BRET (2) ratios of the wild type GAFa fusion protein, but not GAFa F163A, increased in the presence of cGMP but not cAMP. Higher basal BRET (2) ratios were observed in cells expressing the wild type GAFa domain than in cells expressing GAFa F163A. This was correlated with elevated basal intracellular levels of cGMP, indicating that the GAF domain could act as a sink for cGMP. The tandem GAF domains in full length PDE5 could also sequester cGMP when the catalytic activity of PDE5 was inhibited. Therefore, these results describe a cGMP sensor utilizing BRET (2) technology and experimentally demonstrate the reservoir of cGMP that can be present in cells that express cGMP-binding GAF domain-containing proteins. PDE5 is the target for the anti-impotence drug sildenafil citrate; therefore, this GAF-BRET (2) sensor could be used for the identification of novel compounds that inhibit cGMP binding to the GAF domain, thereby regulating PDE5 catalytic activity.

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Accession: 021873988

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18293931

DOI: 10.1021/bi702025w



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