The effect of water acidification on prolactin cells and pars intermedia PAS-positive cells in the teleost fish Oreochromis (formerly Sarotherodon) mossambicus and Carassius auratus

Wendelaar Bonga, S.E.; van der Meij, J.C.; van der Krabben, W.A.; Flik, G.

Cell and Tissue Research 238(3): 601-609

1984


ISSN/ISBN: 0302-766X
PMID: 6525622
DOI: 10.1007/bf00219878
Accession: 021918825

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Abstract
Although exposure to acid water (pH 3.5) induces severe and prolonged reduction in plasma osmolarity and total plasma calcium concentration in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and goldfish (Carassius auratus), the responses of the hypophyseal cells are clearly different. In tilapia, the size of the rostral pars distalis of the pituitary gland is enlarged as a result of the increase in size and number of prolactin cells. The pars intermedia PAS-positive (PIPAS) cells are not noticeably changed. Conversely, in goldfish, prolactin cells are unaffected, whereas the number of enlarged PIPAS cells increases markedly. Stimulation of prolactin secretion may be responsible for the partial restoration of plasma osmolarity and calcium levels observed in tilapia after two weeks exposure to acid water. Prolactin cells apparently play a role in the adaptation to acid stress by counteracting osmoregulatory disturbances. Goldfish show no restoration of plasma osmolarity during the course of the experiment. Plasma calcium levels tend to increase. Although prolactin may have an osmoregulatory function in goldfish under steady state conditions, goldfish prolactin cells do not seem to participate in the physiological adaptation to environmental changes that disturb water and ion homeostasis. The function of PIPAS cells in tilapia remains unclear and is apparently unconnected with ion regulation. The observations on these cells in goldfish are consistent with the hypercalcemic activity suggested for them.

The effect of water acidification on prolactin cells and pars intermedia PAS-positive cells in the teleost fish Oreochromis (formerly Sarotherodon) mossambicus and Carassius auratus