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Winter food habits of the ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) in Iowa



Winter food habits of the ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) in Iowa



Iowa State Journal of Research 531: 31-34



Crops and gizzards from 18 P. colchicus were collected from Nov. 6, 1976-Feb. 28, 1977 in Iowa, USA. Importance of food items was measured by percentages of volume, weight, and occurrence. Two food items, maize (Zea mays) and soybeans (Glycine max), made up 69% of the volume and 74% of the weight of the diet, respectively. These 2 items accounted for 96% of the volume and 95% of the weight of crop contents. Parts (mostly seeds) of 39 plant spp. and 2 animal food items made up the remainder. Parts of aquatic plants and upland plants were identified. None of them had been reported in recent pheasant food habits studies.

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