+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

Xylazine and ketamine anaesthesia in captive Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus)

Xylazine and ketamine anaesthesia in captive Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus)

Tropical Veterinarian, 43-4: 139-142

Three captive nile crocodiles (2 clinically healthy and 1 traumatized) were anaesthesized with xylazine and ketamine hydrochloride. The 3 animals were tranquilized in 32 minutes, 31 minutes and 33 minutes respectively following intramuscular (i.m.) injection of xylazine at a dose of 1.0mg/kg body weight (kg B.W.). Three different doses of ketamine hydrochloride, 15.0mg, 25.0mg and 20.0mg/kgB.W. were injected into the 3 animals respectively i.m. to induce anaesthesia. The induction periods in the 3 animals, were 32 minutes, 34 minutes and 33 minutes, while anaesthesia lasted for 47 minutes, 52 minutes and 108 minutes, respectively. Complete recovery from anaesthesia was recorded in 3 hours and 4 hours 55 minutes respectively in the 2 clinically healthy animals while the third (traumatized animal) terminated fatally. The cause of death in the latter was suspected to be drowing. These studies showed that a combination of xylazine and ketamine hydrochloride produced smooth and reliable anaesthesia in the crocodiles, and may have potentials in the clinical anaesthesia of the species.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 022113600

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Xylazine and ketamine anesthesia in captive nile crocodiles crocodylus niloticus. Tropical Veterinarian 4(3-4): 139-142, 1986

Medetomidine-ketamine-sevoflurane anaesthesia in juvenile Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus) undergoing experimental surgery. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 46(1): 84-89, 2019

Non-invasive assessment of adrenocortical function in captive Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology 177: 11-17, 2014

Nile crocodiles, Crocodylus niloticus, and estuarine crocodiles, Crocodylus porosus, show similar osmoregulatory responses on exposure to seawater. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A Comparative Physiology 89(3): 443-448, 1988

Aggressive behaviour in immature captive Nile crocodiles, Crocodylus niloticus, in relation to feeding. Physiology and Behavior 53(6): 1157-1161, 1993

Preliminary observations on the use of Zoletil for the immobilisation of captive Nile crocodiles, Crocodylus niloticus (Lauranti). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa 4(1): 25-27, 1992

Note on the captive breeding of nile crocodiles crocodylus niloticus in mauritius indian ocean. Mauritius Institute Bulletin 10(2): 176-181, 1988

Microbial flora of frozen tail meat from captive Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). International Journal of Food Microbiology 18(1): 71-76, 1993

Erythrocyte membrane osmotic fragility and some haematological values of captive Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Zimbabwe Veterinary Journal 22(4): 119...125, 1991

Prevalence and serovar distribution of Salmonella in fresh and frozen meat from captive Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). International Journal of Food Microbiology 29(1): 111-118, 1996

The effect of direct sunlight and temperature on growth and survival of captive young nile crocodiles crocodylus niloticus. Aquaculture 94(4): 291-296, 1991

The effect of high temperature and extended day length on growth of captive nile crocodiles crocodylus niloticus during the cold season in kenya. Amphibia-Reptilia 12(3): 346-349, 1991

Comparison of the lipid properties of captive, healthy wild, and pansteatitis-affected wild Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology 155(1): 64-69, 2010

Molecular evidence for species level divergence in African Nile Crocodiles Crocodylus niloticus (Laurenti, 1786) - Preuve moléculaire de divergence au niveau spécifique chez le crocodile du Nil : Crocodylus niloticus (Laurenti, 1786). Comptes Rendus. Palevol 2(8): 703-712, 2003

Osteomalacia in young captive crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 573: 167-168, 1987