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'Boys will be boys': traditional Xhosa male circumcision, HIV and sexual socialisation in contemporary South Africa



'Boys will be boys': traditional Xhosa male circumcision, HIV and sexual socialisation in contemporary South Africa



Culture, Health and Sexuality 10(5): 431-446



Ritual male circumcision is among the most secretive and sacred of rites practiced by the Xhosa of South Africa. Recently, the alarming rate of death and injury among initiates has led to the spotlight of media attention and government regulation being focused on traditional circumcision. While many of the physical components of the ritual have been little altered by the centuries, its cultural and social meanings have not remained unchanged.

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