Section 23
Chapter 22,246

Comparison of gas chromatography-ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry systems for the determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls

Malavia, J.; Santos, F.J.; Galceran, M.T.

Journal of Chromatography. a 1186(1-2): 302-311


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9673
PMID: 18096174
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.11.089
Accession: 022245900

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Two gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems equipped with an ion-trap mass analyzer working in tandem mode (GC-MS-MS) were evaluated for the determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in food samples. The performance of the two ion-trap instruments, which dispose of an external ion source (ThermoFinnigan GCQ/Polaris) and internal ionization (Varian Saturn 2,200), have been compared in terms of linearity, repeatability, limit of detection and long-term precision. Both instruments provided similar run-to-run and day-to-day precisions, ranging from 2% to 8% and between 2% and 13%, and instrumental limits of detection between 0.09 and 0.36 pg injected for PCDD/Fs and from 0.03 to 0.09 pg injected for dioxin-like PCBs. Although both instruments seem to be suitable for food analysis, only the use of external ionization allowed to achieve reliable results for PCDD/F determination at concentrations close to the maximum residue levels established by the EU for foods. Internal ionization provides high limits of detection (from 10- to 30-fold higher) and worse precision (RSD, 14-43%). In contrast, for dioxin-like PCBs both instruments allowed to obtain excellent results with precisions lower than 15%.

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