Cytoplasmic male sterility with self-incompatibility, a novel approach to utilizing heterosis in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)

Jin-xiong Shen; Han-zhong Wang; Ting-dong Fu; Bao-ming Tian

Euphytica 162(1): 109-115

2008


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2336
DOI: 10.1007/s10681-007-9606-0
Accession: 022314949

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Abstract
The Polima cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) system has been successfully used in three/two-line hybrid production in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). However, the sterility of the Polima (pol) CMS lines is sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Also, traces of pollen can cause self-pollination within the CMS lines, which results in reduced levels of F-1 hybrid seed purity and leads to a significant yield loss. Self-incompatibility (SI) is another important approach for hybrid seed production in rapeseed. Despite having a wide range of restorers and being easily selected in a breeding program, SI system has some drawbacks. In this study, SI genes from a self-incompatible line of Brassica napus were transferred to a pol CMS line and S372A, a novel line of combined cytoplasmic male sterility with self-incompatibility was bred. Due to the SI genes, this line produced very few seeds when it was selfed at low temperature and no seeds at high temperature. This suggested that the line with CMS + SI had combined the advantages and overcome the disadvantages of both the pol CMS and SI systems. Furthermore, our results showed that most of the maintainers and all the restorers of the pol CMS system were also maintainers and restorers of the CMS + SI line, respectively. This indicates that the CMS + SI system can be easily used to establish three-line hybrids of rapeseed, and we believe this novel system could be extended to other species of Brassica.

Cytoplasmic male sterility with self-incompatibility, a novel approach to utilizing heterosis in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)