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Die Fische der Sudsee (1)



Die Fische der Sudsee (1)



Journal des Museum Godeffroy, III 1-24



This is the first of a series of parts of the above journal, which will be devoted to the description and illustration of the collection of fish from the South Seas, made during many years by Andrew, Garrett, who still acts as collector to the Godeffroy Museum. The author has had the advantage of comparing specimens with the original drawings of living fish made by Parkinson and Forster during Cook's voyage, and exact details as to the locality, &c., furnished by Mr. Garrett, with each specimen accompany the descriptions. The present part contains the family Percidae (Serranus, Plectropoma, Grammistes, Mesoprion, Aprion, Aphareus, Priacanthus, Ambassis, Apogon, Chilodopterus, and Dules). .Serranus. Gunther (J. Mus. Godeffr. iii. p. 1) remarks upon the comparative paucity of species known as belonging to the Polynesian fauna, these numbering 15 at most, whereas about 18 are described from the Red Sea: it is probable, however, that all the Polynesian species are deep-sea fishes, and most of them show peculiar variations of colour, on which little dependence can be placed in the substantiation of species; e.g., S. leopardus, erythraeus, and aurantius, C. & V., are merely different states of colouring of S. leopardus, Lacepede (p. 4, pl. iii. fig. B). He gives descriptions or diagnoses with synonymy and figures of the following species:-Serranus louti, p. 2, pl. 1, S. sexmaculatus, Rupp. (= zanana and spiturus, C. & V.), p. 3, pl. ii.; S. urodelus, p. 3, pl. iii. fig. A; S. haedti, p. 9, pl. viii. fig. A; and S. hexagonatus figured, pl. vii. A. & B.; S. guttatus, Bl., = Cephalopholis argus, Bl. = S. myriasler, and argus, C. & V., p. 5, pl. iv.; S. miniatus, Rupp., = S. cyanostigmatoides, Blkr., p. 5, pl. v.; S. fasciatus (synonymy as follows:-Perca fasciata, Forsk., Holocentrus oceanicus, forskali, and rosmarus, Lacep., Epinephelus marginalis, Bl., S. oceanicus, marginalis, and variolosus, C. & V.; S. fasciatus, Klunz.), p. 6, pl. iv. .Apogon. Gunther describes or notices the following species:-A. fasciatus, White, l. c. p. 19, pl. xx. figs, A & B; A. frenatus, Val., p. 19, pl. xix. fig. a; A. maculiferus, Garrett, p. 20, pl. xx. fig. C; A. sangiensis, Bl., p. 20; A. hypselonotus, Bl., p. 20; A. nigripinnis, C. & V., p. 21; A. savayensis, Gunth., p. 21, pl. xix. fig. B; A. fuscus, Q. & G. (A. monochrous, Blkr.), p. 22; A. orbicularis, G. & V., p. 22, pl. xx. fig. D; A. auritus, C. & V., p. 23; A. graeffi, sp. n., Marshall Islands, p. 22, pl. xx. fig. e. .GUNTHER no longer separates the fishes of this family from the Serranidae (Percidae), as the presence or absence of vomerine teeth, although affording a good character for practical distinction, is. not of sufficient importance for a division into two natural families. J. Mus. Godeffr. iii. p. 1.

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