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Die Rolle von Amsel (Turdus merula), Rotdrossel (Turdus iliacus) und Singdrossel (Turdus philomelos) als Blutwirte fuer Zecken (Acari: Ixodidae) und Reservoirwirte fuer vier Genospezies des Borrelia burgdorferi-Artenkomplexes



Die Rolle von Amsel (Turdus merula), Rotdrossel (Turdus iliacus) und Singdrossel (Turdus philomelos) als Blutwirte fuer Zecken (Acari: Ixodidae) und Reservoirwirte fuer vier Genospezies des Borrelia burgdorferi-Artenkomplexes



Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie i; 15: 349-355



In spring 2003, 251 specimens of the three bird species, blackbird (Turdus merula), redwing (Turdus iliacus) and song trush (Turdus philomelos) that had been trapped on the Greifswalder Oie, a small German island in the Baltic sea, were examined for ticks (I. ricinus). 806 ticks (305 larvae, 508 nymphs) were removed from the birds and stored in 80% ethanol or, in the case of full engorgement, kept alive until moulting. The infestation prevalences of the three bird species ranged from 39,5 % to 68,2 % demonstrating the important role of these species as tick hosts. Out of 377 ticks, 104 were tested DNA-positive for B. burgdorferi sensu lato by a polymerase chain reaction assay. The increasing infection prevalences of larvae (19,7 %), nymphs (30,0 %) and adults obtained from repleted nymphs (38,9 %) display the reservoir function of the birds for B. burgdorferi s.l. The Borrelia-positive tick specimens were additionally tested for the respective B. burgdorferi- genospecies present, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. afzelii, B. garinii and/or B. valaisiana, via DNA-hybridisation. 94,8 % of the ticks were found positive for B. garinii or B. valaisiana. Although these two genospecies are known to be bird-specific, so far there is little evidence on different bird species having different kinds of reservoir competence. According to the results of this study, however, a special correlation between infecting genospecies and avian reservoir host species appears to be likely and has to be proven by further epidemiological and immunological studies.

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The role of the blackbird Turdus merula, redwing Turdus iliacus and song trush Turdus philomelos as blood hosts for ticks Acari Ixodidae and reservoir hosts for four genospecies of the Borrelia burgdorferi-complex Die Rolle von Amsel Turdus merula, Rotdrossel Turdus iliacus und Singdrossel Turdus philomelos als Blutwirte fuer Zecken Acari Ixodidae und Reservoirwirte fuer vier Genospezies des Borrelia burgdorferi-Artenkomplexes. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie. Juli; 15: 349-355, 2006

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