Dietary composition of juvenile Dissostichus eleginoides (Pisces, Nototheniidae) around Shag Rocks and South Georgia, Antarctica
Barrera-Oro, E.R.; Casaux, R.J.; Marschoff, E.R.
Polar Biology 28(8): 637-641
A diet analysis of the Patagonian toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides, trawled in the South Georgia Islands area in March-April 1996, was carried out by frequency of occurrence (F%) and coefficient "Q" (%) methods. The samples consisted chiefly of immature specimens, with predominant length ranges of 30-70 cm (TL). Fish was by far the main food on the shelves of Shag Rocks and South Georgia, accounting for about 70% of prey. Krill appeared as secondary food, although its importance was overestimated by the frequency of occurrence method. Cephalopods and mysids were infrequent in the stomachs, and only at Shag Rocks and South Georgia, respectively. Lepidonotothen kempi, Champsocephalus gunnari and Chaenocephalus aceratus constituted the main fish prey and their variability between Shag Rocks and South Georgia depended on their local abundance. The large proportion of fish exhibiting stomachs full or close to fullness (together 62%) suggests that feeding intensity of the species was high.