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Efeitos de Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorok. e Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. sobre o percevejo predador Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)



Efeitos de Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorok. e Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. sobre o percevejo predador Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)



Neotropical Entomology: 349-356



Entomopathogenic fungi and the predatory stink-bug Podisus nigrispinus (Dallas) can target simultaneously the same or different pests in agyroecosystems. Topical contact during fungal dispersion or spraying, walking on plant surfaces and ingestion of contaminated prey are some of possible ways of interactions between fungi and the predatory stinkbug. The impact of three isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorok. (866, 1022 and 1189) and Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. (604,634 and 561) against nymphs and adults of P. nigrispinus was investigated under laboratory conditions. M anisopliae caused higher mortality compared to B. bassiana either by topical application or by dry residue on cotton leaves. Topic contact with both fungi caused higher mortality to the predator. No mortality confirmation was reported for the adults. Nymphs fed with cotton leafworm larvae Alabama argillacea (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) contaminated by the fungi had their reproduction affected, but this was not observed when adult predators fed on contaminated larvae. These findings suggest that isolates of M anisopliae can cause mortality of R nigrispinus nymphs by topical contact, while isolates of B. bassiana were less harmful by all ways of infection as compared to M anisopliae.

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Accession: 022482483

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DOI: 10.1590/s1519-566x2006000300009


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