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Factors enhancing the host-cell penetration of Toxoplasma gondii

Factors enhancing the host-cell penetration of Toxoplasma gondii

Journal of Bacteriology 93(1): 53-58

The penetration into HeLa cells of Toxoplasma gondii was studied with a cell culture technique. The influence on the rate of penetration and the number of penetrating Toxoplasma parasites was tested by use of preparations of disintegrated parasites mixed with test parasites. These preparations were found to contain factors enhancing the penetrating rate of the parasites. This effect was demonstrable by use of untreated parasites as well as parasites lacking active motility owing to a previous exposure to formalin. The preparations of disintegrated parasites contained, in addition, components inhibitory to the penetration-enhancing factors. These inhibitory components were able to reduce the penetrating capacity of normal Toxoplasma parasites, suggesting that the studied enhancing factors may play a role in the natural process of penetration. The efficacy of various techniques for disintegration of Toxoplasma parasites was investigated for release of penetration-enhancing factors from Toxoplasma parasites. The methods used resemble those used for liberation of lysosomal enzymes. Reduced osmotic pressure was obviously not adequate for release of enhancing factors, whereas the freezing and thawing procedure, sonic treatment, and irradiation produced high yields. It was difficult to evaluate the effect of incubation at acid pH on release of enhancing activity, because the penetration-promoting factors seemed unstable on both the acid and the alkaline sides of pH 7.6.

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Accession: 022628435

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PMID: 6020423

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