Growth performance of three-breed crosses of Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss and Hariana cattle

Madhuri, S.B.; Suman, C.L.; Pandey, H.S.

Indian Journal of Animal Research 41(4): 244-249

2007


ISSN/ISBN: 0367-6722
Accession: 022735985

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Abstract
The growth performance of 3-breed crosses between Holstein-Friesian, Brown Swiss and Hariana cattle (FBH) maintained at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, from 1976-96 was studied. The overall mean body weight increased from 26.50+or-0.35 kg at birth to 306.33+or-3.19 kg at 24 months of age. The average body weights at first fertile service and first calving were 268.50+or-2.60 kg and 305.64+or-2.84 kg, respectively. The mean body weight at birth of parent crosses was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of inter-se crosses. However, after the birth, the inter-se crosses showed better growth rate and achieved higher mean body weights at 24 months of age than the parent crosses. The season of calving showed a significant (p<0.01) effect at 6 months of age on the growth performance of FBH crosses. The growth among periods was significant (p<0.01) during birth to 24 months of age, indicating the effects of differential managemental practices on the growth performance of these crosses. The parity of the dams had no effect on the growth performance of their daughters. The body weight variations were best explained by the gamma type function, which could be considered as a representative model of growth performance of 3-breed crosses of Holstein-Friesian, Brown Swiss and Hariana cattle during birth to 24 months of age.