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Hydrothermal fractional pretreatment of sea algae and its enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis

Hydrothermal fractional pretreatment of sea algae and its enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis

Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 83(6): 836-841

BACKGROUND: Sea algae cellulose has been little utilized because the cellulose content in sea algae is low. For the effective utilization of sea algae cellulose, cellulose must be converted without drying into valuable material with a high rate and yield. From this viewpoint, effects of hydrothermal pretreatments of sea algae to enhance the glucose production by enzymatic hydrolysis of sea algae cellulose were investigated.RESULTS: Using hydrothermal pretreatment performed at 423 K for Monostroma nitidum Wittrock (green alga) and at 473 K for Solieria pacifica (red alga) for 30 min, yields of extracted water-soluble components containing monosaccharides were 0.51 g g(-1) for the green alga and 0.62 g g(-1) for the red alga. The apparent rate of glucose production from hydrothermally pretreated green alga by enzymatic hydrolysis was > 10 times faster than that of the non-pretreated sample. Yields of glucose from cellulose by enzymatic hydrolysis were 79.9% for the green alga and 87.8% for the red alga.CONCLUSION: Cellulose of sea algae was successfully fractionated by hydrothermal pretreatments, which resulted in high susceptibility of sea algae cellulose to enzyme attack. This process leads to the effective utilization of sea algae cellulose. (c) 2008 Society of Chemical Industry.

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Accession: 022786745

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DOI: 10.1002/jctb.1877

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