Section 23
Chapter 22,868

Investigation of amber durum wheat for production of yellow alkaline noodles

D.W.H.tcher; J.E.D.xter; B.X.F.

Journal of Cereal Science 48(3): 848-856


ISSN/ISBN: 0733-5210
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcs.2008.06.009
Accession: 022867916

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Samples of Canadian amber durum wheat varieties, of various protein content and a composite of export cargo samples, were milled to yield straight-grade and patent flours by reducing semolina and processed into yellow alkaline noodles (YAN). Samples of Canada Hard White Spring (CWHWS) and Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) were included for comparative purposes. YAN from durum wheat displayed a colour advantage over CWRS and CWHWS YAN. The durum YAN displayed an approximate 9–20 unit greater b* (yellowness) value than CWRS and CWHWS at 2 and 24 h after preparation. This relates to greater yellow pigment and flavonoid contents in the durum flours. All durum wheat YAN exhibited excellent noodle brightness, which was retained over time due to lower levels of the enzymes polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD). Durum noodles displayed significantly fewer specks than CWRS and were comparable to CWHWS. Durum wheat YAN cooking quality was equal to or slightly superior to CWRS and CWHWS. Durum wheat flour refinement imparted no significant effects on cooked noodle texture (maximum cutting stress, recovery, resistance to compression). However, the various texture parameters improved with durum wheat protein content and gluten strength.

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