Michal Novikov - Professor of Zoology, at the Department of Zoology Comenius University, Bratislava

Orszagh, I.

Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 44: 5-11


Accession: 023029537

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Prof. M. Novikov was head of the Department of Zoology at the Slovak University in Bratislava from September 1939 when he founded it, until February 1945. As a Philosophiae naturalis doctor (Heidelberg) and Zoologiae doctor (Moscow) he had been a professor at the Moscow University and in 1919-1920 its Rector. On leaving Russia in (1922) he settles down in Prague and, as of 1935, was a professor at Charles University. In 1939 he came to Bratislava and was named Professor of Comparative Anatomy, Histology and Embryology of the Slovak University. NOVIKOV enjoyed international recognition as an authority in comparative anatomy. He began to publish scientific papers back in 1904 while still studying under Prof. Butschli at the University of Heidelberg. His works were particularly concerned with the organs of vision in invertebrates He studied the origin of cartilage and bone formation in ontogenesis, with special emphasis on the embryonic development of the parietal eye in reptiles, etc. On the basis of his anatomical studies he came to the conclusion that the parallelism frequently observed in the structure of organs of various animal groups is independent of the degree of their species relatedness, a phenomenon he designated by the term "homomorphy". He wrote several valuable studies and books on the history of biology. On leaving Slovakia (1945), Novikov stayed for some time in Germany and in 1949 left Europe foi the U.S.A. Unfortunately, his further fate in that country, as also the place and date of his death remain unknown to us so far.