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Molecular genetic analysis of the biological properties of highly pathogenic influenza A/H5N1 virus strains isolated from wild birds and poultry during epizooty in Western Siberia (July 2005)

Molecular genetic analysis of the biological properties of highly pathogenic influenza A/H5N1 virus strains isolated from wild birds and poultry during epizooty in Western Siberia (July 2005)

Voprosy Virusologii 51(2): 15-19

ISSN/ISBN: 0507-4088

PMID: 16756172

The full-size genomes of 2 highly pathogenetic avian influenza (HPAI) virus strains isolated from a wild great-crested grebe (A/Grebe/Novosibirsk/29/05) and a domestic duck (A/Duck/Novosibirsk/56/05) in the tract of the Chany hollow, Barabino forest-steppe (Novosibirsk Region) during the epizootic outbreak in the summer of 2005. The reproductive properties of these strains successively increase in the series of cell lines BHK-2 forward arrow LEH forward arrow Vero-E6 forward arrow MDCK forward arrow PS. A/Grebe/Novosibirsk/29/05 and A/Duck/Novosibirsk/56/05 were shown to be genetically close in all genomic segments to both each other and a group of HPAI/H5N1 A/Qinghai 05 strains isolated from wild birds on the Kukunor Lake in the northwestern province of Tsinkhai, China, in May 2005. All the above strains have the HPAI/H5-specific amino acid sequence of a proteolytic cleavage site (PQGERRRKKRGLF) with Lys-627 in the protein PB2 (which is associated with increased virulence to mammalian cells), Glu-92 in the protein NS1 (that suppresses an antiviral response in the host), Ser-31 in M2 (that is a marker of rimantadine/amantadine sensitivity) 20-member amino acid deletion in the protein NA (positions 49-68) that is a marker of affiliation to the so-called genotype Z and of increased tropism to poultry.

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Accession: 023056336

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