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Seasonal distribution, age, growth, and reproductive biology of marbled sole Pleuronectes yokohamae in Tokyo Bay, Japan



Seasonal distribution, age, growth, and reproductive biology of marbled sole Pleuronectes yokohamae in Tokyo Bay, Japan



Fisheries Science Tokyo il; 72(2): 289-298



The seasonal distribution, age, growth and reproductive biology of marbled sole Pleuronectes yokohamae (Guenther) from Tokyo Bay, Japan were studied. A clear seasonal distribution trend was observed, with P. yokohamae limited to the south of the bay in summer and expanding almost throughout the bay in other seasons. The formation and dynamics of hypoxic areas in the bay limited the northward distribution of P. yokohamae in summer. Age was determined by counting growth rings on otoliths; maximum ages were found to be 5 years for males and 6 years for females. The mean back-calculated length for females at each estimated age was greater than that for males. Growth of males and females was shown by the von Bertalanffy growth equations. Reproductive biology was studied on the basis of gonadosomatic indices and histological sections of gonads. The spawning season lasted from November to March, peaking in December and January. Sixty per cent of males at 1 year and all males = 2 years had mature testes, whereas 6.7% of females at 1 year, 58.3% of females at 2 years, and all females = 3 years had attained maturity.

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Accession: 023569027

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-2906.2006.01150.x


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