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Seasonal dynamics of a flea number (Syphonaptera) on the common shrew Sorex araneus in the north part of the Novgorod Province



Seasonal dynamics of a flea number (Syphonaptera) on the common shrew Sorex araneus in the north part of the Novgorod Province



Parazitologiya Stsburg 2004 Noyabr-Dekabr; 38(6): 503-514



In the course of 5-year stationary investigations of the common shrew Sorex araneus in araneus in the north part of the Novgorod Province, 12 flea species have been recorded on this host. Among them, Paleopsylla soricis and Doratopsilla dasycnema are specific parasites of small insectivores, including the common shrew. Hystrichopslylla talpae is a polyxenous species, parasitizing both rodents and insectivores. Other 9 flea species are not common parasites of S. araneus and apparently have come to these hosts from other mammal species inhabiting the forest biotopes in the area of investigation. Paleopsylla soricis and D. dasycnema have similar phenology of parasitism. These fleas appear in spring (April), are present during summer and autumn and disappear in winter. During a year, the abundance of these species shows three spikes, which correspond to three generations: spring (April), summer (June-July) and autumn (September-October) generation. The first species dominates in spring (April-May) and in the autumn-winter period, while the second species predominates in summer. These two species comprise over 90 % of total number of fleas collected and determine general dynamics of the flea number on the shrews; during the year the flea number has a sinusoidal increasing from spring to autumn and minimum in winter

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