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Seasonal egg output of gastro-intestinal parasites in wild ungulates in a Mediterranean area (central Italy)



Seasonal egg output of gastro-intestinal parasites in wild ungulates in a Mediterranean area (central Italy)



Hystrix, 162: 169-177



Seasonal egg (or oocyst) output of gastro-intestinal parasites of wild ungulates was studied in a Mediterranean protected area, the Monti Livornesi Park (Livorno, Tuscany region, Central Italy). Samples of faeces of wild boars (Sus scrofa) and mouflons (Ovis ammon) were collected monthly for one year. The observed trends of egg output were analysed taking into account seasonal variations of temperature and rainfall, life-cycle and survival strategy of parasites, and health condition of hosts. In our Mediterranean study area, the peaks of egg output appear in different months according to different biology and survival strategies of parasites.

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