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Treatment of low strength complex wastewater using an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR)



Treatment of low strength complex wastewater using an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR)



Bioresource Technology 99(17): 8193-8200



Treatment of a low strength complex wastewater of chemical oxygen demand (COD) around 500mg/L was studied in a 10L capacity laboratory scale anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR). It was operated at hydraulic retention times (HRTs) of 20, 15, 10, 8 and 6h. Corresponding organic loading rates (OLRs) were 0.6, 0.8, 1.2, 1.5 and 2kg COD/m3d. At every HRT (or OLR), pseudo steady state (PSS) was achieved. Even at maximum OLR of 2kg COD/m3d, COD and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removals exceeded 88%. Removal of particulate fraction of organics was found to be greater than soluble fraction. Compartment-wise studies of various parameters revealed that if the OLR was larger, the number of initial compartments played significant role in the removal of organics. The values of volatile fatty acids (VFA) demonstrated that hydrolysis and acidogenesis were the main biochemical activities in the initial few compartments. Based on the tracer studies, dead space in the ABR was found to range from 23% to 34%. The flow pattern in the ABR was classified as intermediate between plug flow and perfectly mixed flows. Observations from scanning electron micrographs (SEM) also suggested that distinct phase separation takes place in an ABR. Study of organic and hydraulic shock loads revealed that ABR was capable of sustaining the type of shock loads generally experienced at a sewage treatment plant (STP).

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Accession: 024007578

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18455391

DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.03.016


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